JODHA BAI OR HARKHA BAI (Mariam uz-Zamani)

Artistic depiction of Mariam uz-Zamani alias Harkha Bai
Full nameRajkumari Hira Kunwari
BornOctober 1, 1542
DiedMay 19, 1623 (aged 81)[1]
BuriedMariam’s Tomb
Mariam uz-zamani (Other Names:Rukmavati Sahiba, Rajkumari Hira Kunwari, Harkha Bai). was a Mughal Empress, after her marriage to Mughal Emperor Akbar .

Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, the autobiography of Jahangir, doesn’t mention Jodha Bai .The great Mughal emperor Akbar had three historians during his rule who recorded the history of their time — Abul Fazal wrote the Akbar Nama, Abdul Qadir Badayuni wrote the Mutakhabutawarikh and Nizamuddin Ahmed (also called Nizamuddin Bakshi) wrote the Tabqat-i-Akbari. None of them have mentioned ‘Jodhabhai’ in their books. “These books were written in Persian and there is no mention of Queen Jodhabai. There is no proof of her in history,” says Dr S M Azizuddin Hussain, history teacher at the Department of History, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi . There is no proper evidence that the mariam uz-zamani was the Emperor Akbar’s wife. [2]

Her name as in Mughal chronicles was Mariam-uz-Zamani. This is why the mosque of Mariyam Zamani Begum was constructed in The Walled City Of Lahore, present day Pakistan, by her son Jahangir. She was also the sister of Bhagwant Das and the aunt of Man Singh I of Amber.[3]

The Mosque of Mariyam Zamani Begum was built by her son Nuruddin Salim Jahangir and is situated in the Walled City of Lahore, present day Pakistan, while Mariam’s Tomb is situated 1km away from Tomb of Akbar the Great, at Sikandra, near Agra, present day India.

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